People from different cultures, languages, religions and beliefs sustain are shared national solidarity; this ethniccultural diversity is symbolic of the whole country.
The cp-existence of the followers of different religions such as Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism with majority of Muslims vividly is indicative of a modern pluralistic society.
An examination of the districts where these religious minorities live shows that they are spatially concentrated.
The Christians, who are considered the largest religious minority living in Tehran, mostly live in districts 1 and 3 of region 6, district 3 of region 7 and district 2 and 3 of region 8.
A small number of them also live in adjacent regions 2, 3, 4, 5, 11, 12 and 22.
The most important religious centers of Christians in Tehran include St. George Church (it is situated in an area where Armenians used to live.
But today there is only a lane called Aramaneh), St. Tadeus Church, St. Bartoghimoos (the oldest church of Armenians, in whose yard famous people used to be buried an din whose rooms were used as classrooms), St. Mary›s Church, St. Minas Church, St. Gregor Losarovitz Church, St. Sarkis Church (the greatest Armenian church in Tehran), St. Vartan Church, St. Targmanchass Church, St. Gregor Losarovitz Church, St. Stepanous Church, Holy Cross Church.
Except for three churches, the rest are situated in the central districts.
The Jews, considered the second largest religious minority in Tehran, like the Christians, live in the central districts of the city including region 6, district 3 of region 7 and district 1 of region 11.

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The Jewish minority have 25 synagogues for their daily prayer and a good number of schools. The important Jewish centers include: Kanoone Kheyrkhah hospital in the old Jewish district in Odlajan, Jews’ nursing home, Jews’ cemetery on Khorassan road, a slaughter house and a place for baking fatir (masa) for Eid Al-Fatir festival on Tehran-no road. Zoroastrians are the smallest religious minority living in Tehran; most of them live in district 6, the same district two other religious minorities live. A small number of them also live in districts 2, 3 and 7. Between 1 to 3 percent of the people living in districts 4 and 5 are also members of religious minorities.

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Figure 2.6 Saleh shrine
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Figure 2.7 St. Sarkis church
Muslim residents (1996)

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Zoroastrian residents (1996)

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Christian residents (1996)

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Jewish residents (1996)

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