An examination of the causes of migration can explain the function of each urban area or its characteristics. For example, in districts 1, 13, and 17 the residents are mainly governmental employees. District 6 is a university district, dominated by the people who have migrated to study in Tehran. Barracks are concentrated in districts 17, 21 and 22, so the people living in these districts are mainly army people. According to Statistical Center of Iran, the main causes of migration during the years 1996-2006 are the following: family dependence (46%), employment (13.8%), military service (10.3%), studying (9.9%), and job transfer (5.1%). The statistics also record the number of migrations as 12,148,000, of which 2% have emigrated abroad and the rest have migrated inside the country. Of the total cases of migration taking place during the years 1996-2006, 40.5% have been inter-province migrations. An examination of the destinations of migrations shows that Tehran province has received the greatest number of migrants and that the destination of most inter-province migrants is the province that is closest to the province of the migrant. The general trend of migration is from the village to the city and from smaller cities to larger cities. In certain cases, the reverse has also happened. According to the migrants, in the villages, there are not enough job opportunities. Thus the main motivation for migration is to find jobs with a reasonable income. A great number of migrants go to industrial places. In fact, during the years 1996 to 2006, more than 30% of the migrants migrated to Tehran province, and, especially, to the Greater Tehran and its satellite towns.

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As a highly developed city, Tehran provides an irresistible attraction to migrants. It is the final destination of many villagers who think about it as an ideal city as in it they may find all urban facilities and services.

Migration stimulus: Seeking a job
(2006)

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Migration stimulus: Seeking a better job (2006)

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Migration stimulus: Doing military service (2006)

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Migration stimulus: Following the family (2006)

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Migration stimulus: job transfer (2006)

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Migration stimulus: Continuing education (2006)

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